Indian-Americans, who represent the second-largest immigrant group within the US, frequently encounter discrimination and polarisation, in keeping with a survey launched on Wednesday.
The report, ‘Social Realities of Indian Americans: Results from the 2020 Indian American Attitudes Survey” attracts on the Indian-American Attitudes Survey (IAAS) — a collaboration between the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Johns Hopkins-SAIS, and the University of Pennsylvania.
The findings of the report are primarily based on a nationally consultant on-line survey of 1,200 Indian-American residents within the US — the 2020 IAAS — performed between September 1 and September 20, 2020, in partnership with the analysis and analytics agency YouGov, it mentioned in an announcement.
“Indian-Americans frequently encounter discrimination. One in two Indian Americans reviews being discriminated towards previously one 12 months, with discrimination primarily based on pores and skin color recognized as the commonest type of bias.
“Somewhat surprisingly, Indian-Americans born within the United States are more likely to report being victims of discrimination than their foreign-born counterparts,” mentioned the report.
According to the report, Indian-Americans exhibit very excessive charges of marriage inside their group.
While eight out of 10 respondents have a partner or associate of Indian-origin, US-born Indian-Americans are 4 instances extra prone to have a partner or associate who’s of Indian-origin however was born within the United States.
The survey discovered that faith performs a central function within the lives of Indian-Americans however non secular follow varies.
While almost three-quarters of Indian-Americans state that faith performs an necessary function of their lives, non secular follow is much less pronounced.
Forty per cent of respondents pray at the very least as soon as a day and 27 per cent attend non secular companies at the very least as soon as per week.
The report notes that roughly half of all Hindu Indian-Americans determine with a caste group. Foreign-born respondents are considerably extra doubtless than US-born respondents to espouse a caste identification. The overwhelming majority of Hindus with a caste identification — greater than eight in 10 — self-identify as belonging to the class of General or higher caste.
“Indian-American” itself is a contested identification. While Indian-American is a generally used shorthand to explain individuals of Indian-origin, it isn’t universally embraced. Only 4 in 10 respondents consider that “Indian-American” is the time period that finest captures their background, the report mentioned.
Civic and political engagement varies significantly by one’s citizenship standing. Across almost all metrics of civic and political participation, US-born residents report the very best ranges of engagement, adopted by foreign-born US residents, with non-citizens trailing behind.
Indian-Americans’ social communities are closely populated by different individuals of Indian-origin. Indian-Americans — particularly members of the primary era — have a tendency to socialize with different Indian-Americans.
Internally, the social networks of Indian-Americans are extra homogenous when it comes to faith than both Indian area (state) of origin or caste.
The report says that polarisation amongst Indian-Americans displays broader developments within the American society.
“While non secular polarisation is much less pronounced at a person stage, partisan polarisation — linked to political preferences each in India and the United States — is rife. However, this polarisation is uneven: Democrats are a lot much less comfy having shut pals who’re Republicans than the converse,” it mentioned.
The similar is true of Congress Party supporters vis-a-vis supporters of the BJP.
“To some extent, divisions in India are being reproduced throughout the Indian-American group. While solely a minority of respondents are involved concerning the importation of political divisions from India to the United States, those that determine faith, political management and political events in India as the commonest elements,” the report added.
Indian-Americans comprise barely greater than 1 per cent of the full US population-and lower than 1 per cent of all registered voters.
Indian Americans are the second-largest immigrant group within the United States. There are 4.2 million individuals of Indian origin residing within the United States, in keeping with 2018 knowledge.
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